Shock Changes for BBSS One of the biggest changes that must accompany the BBSS setups occurs with the shock rate. The compression settings generally go up at the RF, while those at the LF go down.

The RR might need more rebound to control that stiff spring. Adjustable shocks are very helpful in the tuning stages of the conversion to BBSS.

The amount of increase and decrease in rebound and compression varies with the track size. Long, smooth, and flatter tracks can use much more rebound control than shorter tracks that may be rough. Rough tracks also have a negative effect on the RR when a very stiff spring is used. The car tends to bounce at that corner instead of negotiating the bumps smoothly. It is necessary to reduce the RR spring rate and change the crossweight to bring the car back to neutral handling.

Most of the high-end racing shock companies make shocks that are adjustable. AFCO has released a new canister shock that can be used without the can, and Pro-formance Shocks is very active with the asphalt racers who are using their highly adjustable shocks. Similar designs are available from QA1, hlins, Penske, and Bilstein.

Problems Associated With BBSS Setups We're not done yet, folks. We need to make changes in other areas to accommodate the BBSS setups. The front geometry must be redesigned in order to properly gain the advantages of the BBSS setups. Moment center location is still important, and camber change characteristics are totally different with these setups.

The car dives more and rolls less with the BBSS setup. That means camber changes at the front are entirely different from what we saw with the conventional setups. Both front tires lose lots of camber due to the high dive numbers, 3 to 4 inches in most cases, and low roll angles that normally would counter camber loss in more conventional setups.

The bottom line is that the upper control arm angles need to be reduced. If you had 18 to 24 degrees of upper control arm angle with your conventional setup, you need to reduce it to 12 to 16 degrees while maintaining a decent moment center location.

The static cambers themselves must be altered with the transition. The RF must be reduced from the normal (-) 3.5 to (-) 4.0 degrees to under (-) 2 degrees in most cases, depending on the type of tire used.

The LF tire camber must be increased from a normal 2.5-3.0 degrees to 4.0 degrees and more. This tire will lose about 3.5 degrees of camber in the turns.

Ackermann effect is very detrimental to the BBSS setups. If you are accustomed to using some amount of Ackermann in your conventional setups, you cannot run it with the BBSS setups. With the BBSS setup, the LF corner is forced down, and a lot of the front load is carried by that tire. Since it is doing a lot of work, it will compete with the RF tire.

These two tires must track along their proper arcs, tangent to the radius. We have computed and proven that a car running on a short 11/44-mile track needs around 0.100 inch of added toe, or about 0.200 (11/45) degree. On half-mile tracks, that number goes down to 0.040 inch of added toe or less than 0.100 (11/410) degree of toe.

Where to Run BBSS and Where Not To In the past, we've stated that we don't see track records falling from the use of the BBSS setups. About a couple of months ago, someone called to tell us that he switched to the BBSS and broke the record at his track. So, I take it back. But that doesn't mean it works everywhere.

We have proven that the BBSS setups are not meant for all racetracks. In general, the higher the banking at the track, above 10 degrees or so, the less effective the BBSS setups will be. If your track has above 16 degrees of banking, don't even think about it.

Tracks with a rough surface and/or large transitions in banking angle from the straightaways to the turns are hard to manage with the BBSS setups, so you might be better off and more consistent running a more conventional setup.

The tracks where these setups shine are the flatter and smoother tracks and the long superspeedways such as Kentucky or Nashville (Tennessee) Superspeedway (not the Fairgrounds). Gateway (Illinois) International Raceway is another good one, and I'm sure similar setups have been used successfully at USA International Speedway in Lakeland, Florida.

Out West, we might see the BBSS setups at tracks like Phoenix (Arizona) or Evergreen (Washington) Speedways. The longer and faster tracks will benefit from the added aero effect to provide more overall grip for faster turn speeds. On 31/44- to 1-mile tracks, that added speed can add up to lap times that are several tenths lower.

Conclusion The choice of setup is entirely yours, so choose your setup based on need. If you are winning a lot with conventional setups, you can experiment during a test session like we did, but not at the event. There's not enough time to properly evaluate the difference.

Watch your shock travels at the RF when using very soft springs. If the frame contacts the track, the car will move quickly to the wall. Make spring changes in a progression rather than one step. Adjust the shocks to fit the transition. Add a little crossweight with each change to maintain the neutral handling.

Once the car is neutral, get good lap times up to 15 to 20 laps and then immediately switch back to the conventional setup and make another run. See which one feels better to the driver and which one is faster. Compare those times with the usual lap times everyone runs. Make a choice and go with it.

If you decide to go with the BBSS setup, go all the way. Use very soft front springs, install a large sway bar, raise the RR spring rate by at least 200 pounds, and adjust your shocks to complement the setup. Good luck, and let us know how it goes.

AFCO Racing Products
P.O. Box 548
IN  47601
hlins Racing Shocks
Bilstein Motorsports
Pro-formance Shocks
Integra Racing Shocks QA1/Carrera Racing Shocks